Range: The Arapaima can be found exclusively in the Amazon River Basin of South America.
Habitat: There are several types of habitats where the Arapaima can be found including floodplain lakes, large tributaries of the Amazon River, including the Rio Madera and the Rio Machado, and the Várzea forest.
Size: As one of the largest freshwater fish in the world, the Arapaima can reach up to 15 feet long and weigh up to 441 pounds.
Diet: The diet of the adult Arapaima is mostly fish and small animals, with younger Arapaima eating insects and small fish.
Conservation Connection: The population is threatened due to overfishing by humans.
Did You Know? Even though Arapaima have gills, they need extra air from the surface in order to breathe.