- Clownfish are a type of anemonefish, though they are not automatically immune to anemone stings.
- Clownfish are all born males but can change into a female when necessary.
- Females control males and thus control the creation of other females.
Shallow, calm lagoons and coral reefs
Up to 4.5 inches
Zooplankton, copepods, and algae
This fish is normally bright orange with three white vertical stripes, the middle one with a forward-projecting bulge. These stripes have narrow, black borders. Their fins are rounded and black-tipped. Males remain smaller and thinner than females.
Clownfish, like other anemonefishes, live in and around sea anemones. They are protected from the sting of the anemone by their mucus, but there is a period of acclimatization that must occur before the fish is immune to the anemone sting.
Clownfish males monitor and protect their eggs from predators. The eggs hatch eight days after they are fertilized, usually about an hour after it gets dark in order to increase the survival chances. The babies are called ‘fry’ and will eat baby brine shrimp several times a day to grow and mature.