- Gentoo penguins are the fastest swimming penguins, with top speeds of 22 miles per hour
- They will eat 10% of their body weight each day.
- Gentoos are the third largest penguin species.
- Penguin knees sit at an angle, so they are always squatting.
Falkland and other Sub-antarctic Islands
Marine rocky shores
30 inches tall
Fish, krill, and squid
Gentoo penguins have black and white feathers. They have a distinctive white patch that connects their eyes over the top of their head. Their beak ranges from yellowish to red, depending on their diet. On average, an adult weighs 12 pounds. Gentoo penguins have a distinctly long tail that brushes the ground as they walk. There is no difference in feather coloring between males and females.
During their active period, Gentoo penguins live on rocky shores in large colonies. They are excellent swimmers—the fastest of all penguins—which aids them in catching food. An adult Gentoo will dive up to 450 times a day to find food. They have been recorded holding their breath for up to seven minutes. Like many penguins, Gentoos are very vocal, using a range of noises for communicating.
When breeding season begins, the male presents the female with a pebble. If she accepts it, they build a nest together. Females typically lay 2 eggs, which incubate for 34-37 days. The adults take turns incubating the eggs. Chicks rely on their parents for food for at least three months, sometimes longer.