Range: Gentoo penguins are mainly found in the Sub-antarctic, down to the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula. This is the area north of the Antarctic which includes islands and parts of other oceans.
Habitat: Colonies of Gentoo penguins can be inland or coastal on Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic islands. They typically breed on ice-free ground such as beaches, island hills, and cliff tops.
Size: The Gentoo penguin can grow to about 30 inches in height and weigh around 11 to 19 pounds.
Diet: Gentoo penguins tend to feed on Rock cod, Lanternfish, crustaceans (Krill), amphipods, and cephalopods (mainly squid).
Conservation Connection: Threats that Gentoo penguins face include overfishing, egg hunting, and oil spills. There also has been a decline of penguin populations near the Falkland Islands due to a lack of food available.
Did You Know? Most penguins can only hold their breath for about a minute, but Gentoo penguins have been recorded holding their breath for up to seven minutes.